There are notes I took for a segment on The Ochelli Effect.
To download this as an MP3 file click here.
Photos from scrap book…
Watch BBC Auschwitz: The Nazis and the Final Solution – on Netflix
Hollywood and US depiction of WII German terror:
Mr. Spielberg said the project’s goal was to interview perhaps as many as 50,000 survivors over the next few years, although he admitted that this might be overly ambitious. He hopes that 150,000 survivors will be taped by the end of the decade, he said, adding that there are about 300,000 Holocaust survivors in the United States and elsewhere….
“The survivors are aging and dying,” said Ms. Stern, who as a child hid in the Netherlands through World War II. “Many of them are now willing to tell their stories. We’re the last ones. After that, there are no survivors.”
Ms. Stern, who moved to Los Angeles in 1955, said of the callers: “Some of them are reluctant. They haven’t talked before. It’s very painful. I make sure to identify myself. I tell them I’m a survivor. It helps them.”
Daisy Miller, another interviewer, said: “I generally ask people to give me a picture of what life was like before the war, their family life. Then they start talking about their wartime experience. Once the floodgates open, memories return.”
The major uncertainty about the project, raised privately by some Holocaust scholars, is that because many of the questioners are not professionals, and may be insensitive or awkward in their dealings with survivors, the quality of the interviews could be affected.
Hitler’s Willing Executioners – Daniel Goldhagen – 1996 – Wiki: – – “Goldhagen shows how ordinary Germans, nurtured in a society where Jews were seen as unalterable evil and dangerous, willingly followed their beliefs to their logical conclusion.”
“Goldhagen’s book stoked controversy and debate in Germany and the United States. Some historians have characterized its reception as an extension of the Historikerstreit, the German historiographical debate of the 1980s that sought to explain Nazi history. The book was a “publishing phenomenon”, achieving fame in both the United States and Germany, despite its “mostly scathing” reception among historians, who were unusually vocal in condemning it as ahistorical and, in the words of Holocaust historian Raul Hilberg, “totally wrong about everything” and “worthless”.
“In 1997 the German historian Hans Mommsen gave an interview in which he said that Goldhagen had a poor understanding of the diversities of German antisemitism, that he construed “a unilinear continuity of German anti-semitism from the medieval period onwards” with Hitler as its end result, whereas, said Mommsen, it is obvious that Hitler’s antisemitic propaganda had no significant impact on the election campaigns between September 1930 and November 1932 and on his coming to power, a crucial phenomenon ignored by Goldhagen. Goldhagen’s one-dimensional view of German antisemitism also ignores the specific impact of the völkisch antisemitism as proclaimed by Houston Stuart Chamberlain and the Richard Wagner movement which directly influenced Hitler as well as the Nazi party. Finally, Mommsen criticizes Goldhagen for errors in his understanding of the internal structure of the Third Reich”
HBO Movie clip – Conspiracy
Full Movie Wannsee Conference
Who were the men that attended:
On 4 January 1937, an evaluation by the Nazi Party’s Deputy Gauleiter of Munich-Upper Bavaria stated:
Criminal Police Chief Inspector Heinrich Müller is not a Party member. He has also never actively worked within the Party or in one of its ancillary organisations …
Before the seizure of power Müller was employed in the political department of the Police Headquarters. He did his duty both under the direction of the notorious Police President Koch [Julius Koch, the Munich Police President 1929–33], and under Nortz and Mantel. His sphere of activity was to supervise and deal with the left-wing movement … [H]e fought against it very hard, sometimes in fact ignoring legal provisions and regulations … But it is equally clear that, … Müller would have acted against the Right in just the same way. With his enormous ambition and his marked ‘pushiness’ he would win the approval of his superiors … In terms of his political opinions … his standpoint varied between the German National People’s Party and the Bavarian People’s Party. But he was by no means a National Socialist.
As far as his qualities of character are concerned, these are regarded in an even poorer light than his political ones. He is ruthless, … and continually tries to demonstrate his efficiency, but claims all the glory for himself.
In his choice of officials for the Bavarian Political Police he was very concerned to propose either officials who were more junior than himself or only those who were inferior in ability … In this way he could keep rivals at bay. In his choice of officials he did not take account of political considerations, he only had his own egoistical aims in mind … The Gau leadership of Munich-Upper Bavaria cannot, therefore, recommend accelerated promotion for Müller because he has rendered no services to the National Uprising
camps 20-35 SS officers 100-200 auxilary
Belzec – 150 Ukranians former POWs. March-Dec 1962
First camp and organizer: Christopher Wirth
Wirth carried out experiments to determine the most efficient method of handling the transports of Jews from the time of their arrival at the camp until their murder and burial. He developed some basic concepts for the process of extermination and for camp structure. The basic structure of the camp and the various actions the victims were made to do as soon as they left the train were intended to ensure that they would not grasp the fact that they had been brought for extermination. The aim was to give the victims the impression that they had arrived at a labor camp or a transit camp from where they would be sent to a labor camp. The deportees were to believe this until they were closed into the gas chambers camouflaged as baths.
500-600k – 7 survivors – 1 testimony
SS staff at Belzec
One man sentenced in 1964 – guard six years in jail…